Imagine camping in the jungle, desert, or an island, and you are out of drinking water. What would you do? How would you ensure that you still have a supply of clean and safe water for drinking? Well, there many ways that you purify the available water and make it safe for drinking.
One of the most efficient ways is using water filters. Unlike in the past, when people would bring bottled water, water filtration technology is making things easier and more convenient today. You can purify even the most contaminated.
With a water filter pitcher, you can have all your camping drinking water needs solved. The good news is there are so many of these water filters on the market. Visit Discount Fridge Filters for some of the best water filter pitchers for campers.
Below are the 10 most efficient ways to purify water when camping:
Boiling has been used for water purification for many years. When you heat water to a boiling point, there is no microbe, including bacteria, viruses, and pathogens, that can survive in it. That’s the reason it is considered one of the most effective ways of purifying water when camping. The availability of fire wherever you go also makes water boiling one of the most convenient purification methods. In fact, it will cost you nothing to boil water.
However, boiled water can still retain a bad smell and taste depending on the water source. To eliminate the foul smell, you can use additional purification methods to improve water taste and smell.
2. Reverse Osmosis water filtration method
Reverse Osmosis water filtration is an effective way of getting clean and safe water without using energy. The technique uses pressure from the water to push water through a permeable membrane to remove particles, bacteria, viruses, and pathogens in the water. This includes salt and fluoride components that make the water hard.
You can use reverse osmosis in so many ways, but the most effective one is buying a specialised water pitcher that attaches to the tap. You can attach it to the taps at home or water points along the way to your camping site. RO water filters are also good for desalination.
3. Purification using chemicals
The practice of using chemicals to purify water has been in place for many years. The majority of water companies in large cities and towns use chlorine chemicals to remove harmful microorganisms in the water. The chemical destroys bacteria and viruses residing in the water. This includes infection-causing microbes.
However, chemical purification does not remove chemicals, particles such as sand in the water. It also does not deal with the discolouration of the water. For instance, the water may have no germs but is reddish from silt, making it unpleasant to the eyes. So, you might need another form of purification.
4. Distillation Method
The distillation technique is very efficient, and many individuals and companies have used it for water purification. The process includes boiling water to evaporation, trapping, and cooling the vapour to get clean and safe water for drinking. Apart from eradicating impurities from water, it also effective in water desalination.
The distillation process is a sure way of getting pure water. The biggest advantage of this method is that it can purify even the most contaminated water and make clean and safe water for drinking. However, you might need to re-mineralise the distilled water to balance the PH.
5. Squeeze Filter
When you require a water purification technique that is reliable and harmless, then you need to consider the squeeze filter method. The filter is made using a micro-tube membrane that cannot allow contaminants in the water to pass through. It can block microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, and pathogens.
Squeeze Filter supports the elimination of bacteria by about 99%. The benefit of the squeeze filter is that it is portable, and you can use it for camping. You can purify even the most contaminated water with these filters.
6. Desalination technique
The desalination water purification method is more applicable in simple ways of eradicating salt from seawater. If you are camping in areas with salty water, such as desert and sea beaches, you can use this method to purify it for drinking and cooking.
There are complex desalination methods for commercial use, but you can also simple portable kits for campers. They are small and portable, making them ideal for camping activities.
7. Cloth Filtration
The cloth filtration technique has existed for a very long time. The method simply uses a piece of cloth to trap particles in the water. Depending on the kind of cloth you are using, it can trap sand and silt in the water and some large parasites.
However, you can only apply this method in water that is not heavily contaminated. If the water has harmful microbes, you should use the cloth filtration method as the first water purification method, followed by other techniques such as distillation and reverse osmosis filtration.
8. Ultraviolet Water Decontamination
Ultraviolet is one of the most efficient technologies in the water purification industry. The method uses UV light to stop the microorganism from reproducing, which renders them harmless. However, the technique does not remove chemicals and particles in the water.
In addition to that, you cannot expose the purified water to sunlight because the microbes might reactivate. The advantage of ultraviolet water decontamination is that you can get portable UV water filters suitable for camping.
9. Slow Sand Filters
Slow sand filters work well with cloth filtering techniques to produce water without microbes and taste better. The downside of this method is that you cannot remove all germs in the water.
The method is very suitable for emergencies such as camping activities. You can construct it by beginning with gravel at the bottom level, coarse sand, and finer sand at the top. You can also charcoal to remove the bad smell from the water.
10. Ceramic Filtration
Ceramic filters are widely used to purify water contaminated with bacterial and pathogenic protozoans. The filters can produce water that is 99.99% free of bacterial and pathogens. But it cannot remove viruses and chemicals. So, if bacteria and viruses are the only two contaminants in your water, ceramic filters would be an ideal option.
If planning to go camping, these are some of the most efficient ways to purify your drinking and cooking water. Most of these methods will cost you nothing to purify water.